Day 2 - Greetings Explained (Text Lesson)

Hindi Speaking Courses

Here’s the conversation that you learned in the last lesson.

Purushh: Namaskaar!
Mahilaa: Namaskaar, Purushh! Kaise ho?
Purushh: Bahut Achchhaa, aur aap?
Mahilaa: Achchhee hoon.

This is such a basic conversation that you’ll have it over and over again! So it’s worth the time to study.

Are you ready?

Let’s get started!

Greeting Just One Person

When you are greeting anyone in Hindi whether known to you or otherwise, Namaskaar is a perfectly acceptable greeting. You can accompany it with - joining your palms together, and then folding your hands just below your chin.

Greeting More than One Person

When you have to greet more than one person at a time, don’t think that you’ll get away with a big NAMASKAAR to the whole group. You are expected to greet everyone individually. That means a lot of folding hands and a lot of Namaskaar!

How are You?

It’s only polite to ask how people are doing. In Hindi, the most common way that this is done is by saying...

Day 2 - Elementary Hindi

Kaise ho? - Informal How are you?

Day 2 - Elementary Hindi

Kaise hain?- Formal How are you?

Now, let’s get into the content. The word 'kaise' means how. The word 'ho' means are you (or you are). You may wonder how one word in Hindi can mean the equivalent of two words in English. Let me advise you now: this will happen all the time! Sometimes one word in English will require two words or more in Hindi, or vice versa. That’s why it’s important not to get caught up in making literal, or word-by-word, translations. (Which is also why online translators, even those that claim to translate sentences, often return incorrect answers!)

Hindi allows you to include the subject of a sentence inside the verb by modifying the verb slightly. It does this through conjugations. Conjugations are too complex to explain here on your very first lesson, but if you plan to learn more than the elementary Hindi, you will become very, very familiar with verb conjugations.

Another things about Hindi is that you have a choice about whether you are going to address another person respectfully or familiarly (e.g., informally). There are actually five words for “you” in Hindi.

Day 2 - Elementary Hindi

Informal, , singular

Day 2 - Elementary Hindi

túm Informal, both singular/plural

Day 2 - Elementary Hindi

aap Formal, singular

Day 2 - Elementary Hindi

tum sab Informal, , plural (e.g., “you guys”)

Day 2 - Elementary Hindi

aaplog Formal, , plural (e.g., “you all”)

Right now, the important thing to realize is that the question, “How are you?” can change according to which “you” you wish to use. If you’re asking a single person how he or she is, you’ll choose between one of the following.

Day 2 - Elementary Hindi

Kaise ho? Informal, used among friends

Day 2 - Elementary Hindi

Kaise hain? Formal, used with elders, superiors, or people you don’t know

The first question is the one used in the conversation above between me and my friend. Since we’re friends, we use the informal mode of address. If, however, I was addressing someone I’d never met before or someone older than me, I would have said,

Day 2 - Elementary Hindi

aap kaise hain? How are you?

It means exactly the same thing, except that this way it conveys respectfulness and politeness.

Response to - HOW are You?

If someone asks you, “kaise ho?” you have a variety of responses you can use. Here are some of the most common.

Day 2 - Elementary Hindi

achchhaa hoon. I am well.

Day 2 - Elementary Hindi

bahut achchhaa hoon. I am very well.

Day 2 - Elementary Hindi

theek hoon. I am alright.

Day 2 - Elementary Hindi

theek nahi hoon. I am unwell.

Day 2 - Elementary Hindi

thakaa hoon.(use if you’re male) I am tired.

Day 2 - Elementary Hindi

thakee hoon.(use if you’re female) I am tired.

Day 2 - Elementary Hindi

bhookhaa hoon.(use if you’re male) I am hungry.

Day 2 - Elementary Hindi

bhookhee hoon.(use if you’re female) I am hungry.

Day 2 - Elementary Hindi

pyaasaa hoon(use if you’re male) I am thirsty.

Day 2 - Elementary Hindi

pyaasee hoon.(use if you’re female) I am thirsty.

Well, that’s it for today’s lesson.

In your next lesson, you’ll learn how to introduce yourself to someone in Hindi, how to say where you’re from, and how to explain just how much Hindi you know.

 

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