Day 4 - Introductions Explained (Text Lesson)

Hindi Speaking Courses

In this part of the course, you'll get to see what the conversation you learned last lesson looks like written down. You'll see the grammar behind how to ask to clarify something in Hindi, how to talk about your name and where you're from, and how to explain exactly how much Hindi you know.

Are you ready?

Let’s get started!

This lesson will show you how the questions and responses are made in Hindi

Questions for Clarification

Many people need to visualize a word in their heads before they can accurately repeat and remember it. That’s why they often want to know:

Day 4 - Elementary Hindi

Isko kaise likhate hain? How’s it written?

If you’re going to understand the answer, though, you’ll need to be familiar with the Hindi alphabet … which could be tricky at this stage in your learning! So it might just be easier for now to ask,

Day 4 - Elementary Hindi

Kripaya, dobaaraa boliye. Repeat, please.

Or, you may say,

Day 4 - Elementary Hindi

Kripaya, thodaa dheeray boliye. Speak slowly, please.

Most people will be happy to clarify what they said for you, so never feel embarrassed about asking!

Introductions

Here’s the conversation that you learned in previous lesson.

A friend has just introduced me to his friend, telling him, “Mai aap ko apane dost se milaanaa chaahataa hoon.(” I would like to introduce you to my friend) I respond,

Mahilaa: Aho-bhagya!
Purushh: Yah mera sau-bhagya hai.
Mahilaa: Aap ka naam kyaa hai?
Purushh: Mera naam Purushh hai.
Mahilaa: Aap kahaan se ho?
Purushh: Mai USA se hoon.
Mahilaa: Aap Hindi achchhee bolate ho.
Purushh: Thodaa-Thodaa. Mai seekh rahaa hoon.

This conversation is full of great questions that you’re sure to encounter if you do visit a Hindi-speaking country. Here is the conversation a second time, except in English.

Mahilaa: Delighted!
Purushh: The pleasure is mine.
Mahilaa: What’s your name?
Purushh: My name is Purushh.
Mahilaa: Where are you from?
Purushh: I am from the United States.
Mahilaa: You speak Hindi very well.
Purushh: Only a little. I am learning.

What Do You Say after Hello?

If you’re going to memorize one word to use during introductions, 'Aho-bhagya' is a good one to pick.

Day 4 - Elementary Hindi

Aho-bhagya Delighted

If you’re feeling a bit more confident, try the following:

Day 4 - Elementary Hindi

Yah mera sau-bhagya hai. The pleasure is mine.

What’s Your Name?

There are several ways to ask someone’s name is Hindi. The simplest is

Day 4 - Elementary Hindi

Aap ka naam kyaa hai? What’s your name?

Do you remember the explanation in the second lesson of this course about formal and informal modes of address. Well, the same difference applies to the question for asking someone’s name.

Day 4 - Elementary Hindi

Tum-haaraa naam kyaa hai? Informal, used with peers, very casual and friendly

Day 4 - Elementary Hindi

Aap ka naam kyaa hai? Formal, used with people to whom you want to show respect and politeness

To answer this question, you will say, 

Day 4 - Elementary Hindi

Mera naam (....) hai. My name is.....

Looking back at the conversation you learned earlier, here’s what it will look like. 

Day 4 - Elementary Hindi

Aap ka naam kyaa hai?

Day 4 - Elementary Hindi

Mera naam Purushh hai.

Where are You From?

Now, things are starting to get more difficult. Remember how I said that in Hindi, words have to be juggled around a bit? The question, “Where are you from?” is one of those cases. In Hindi, you’ll actually ask: 

Day 4 - Elementary Hindi

Aap kahaan se ho? You where from are? (literal translation)

The word “se” means from, while “kahaan” means where. If you can memorize this question, you’ll also be able to ask two other enormously useful questions.  

Day 4 - Elementary Hindi

kahaan? Where?

Day 4 - Elementary Hindi

kahaan se? From where?

For example, someone may tell you, “Look at that bird!” You can respond, “kahaan?” (Where?) 

The question, “Where are you from?” can be asked in two different ways: one formal, other informal. 

Day 4 - Elementary Hindi

kahaan se ho? Informal, friendly, casual

Day 4 - Elementary Hindi

Aap kahaan se hain? Formal, respectful, polite

Your answer will probably look something like this: 

Day 4 - Elementary Hindi

Mai ...... se hoon. I’m from.......

Day 4 - Elementary Hindi

Mai .Amerikaa. se hoon. I’m from the United States

Day 4 - Elementary Hindi

Mai .Ingland. se hoon. I’m from England.

Day 4 - Elementary Hindi

Mai .Australiya. se hoon. I’m from Australia.

If someone closer to home is asking you the question, they probably want to know what city or state you’re from. You can say something like.. 

Day 4 - Elementary Hindi

Mai .New York. se hoon. I’m from New York.

Day 4 - Elementary Hindi

Mai .Chicago. se hoon. I’m from Chicago.

Day 4 - Elementary Hindi

Mai .California. se hoon. I’m from California.

 

How Much Hindi do You Know?

By now you’ll be speaking Hindi so well that your Hindi-conversation partner will think you’re fluent. Hopefully, you’ll hear this comment: 

Day 4 - Elementary Hindi

Hindi achchhee bolate ho. Informal, You speak Hindi very well.

Day 4 - Elementary Hindi

Aap Hindi achchhee bolate hain. Formal, You speak Hindi very well.

Of course you do! … Don’t you? 

If you don’t think you speak Hindi very well, or if you want to make sure that the person doesn’t assume that you know more than you do, you can use one of these useful phrases: 

Day 4 - Elementary Hindi

Mai seekh rahaa hoon. I’m learning.

Day 4 - Elementary Hindi

Mai thodaa bol letee hoon. I only speak a little.

Day 4 - Elementary Hindi

Mujhe theek se nahi aatee. I don’t know much.

Day 4 - Elementary Hindi

Mai inglish behatar bolatee hoon. I speak English better.

If, on the other hand, your conversation partner doesn’t tell you that you speak Hindi very well—in fact, you may find that you simply can’t understand what your conversation partner is saying—here are a few useful phrases to have on hand. 

Day 4 - Elementary Hindi

Mai nahi samajhaa. I don’t understand.

Day 4 - Elementary Hindi

maaf kijiyegaa. I’m sorry.

Day 4 - Elementary Hindi

mai Hindi nahi bolataa. I don’t speak Hindi.

Day 4 - Elementary Hindi

mai Hindi theek se nahi bolatee. I don’t speak Hindi very well.

Day 4 - Elementary Hindi

kyaa aap inglish bolate hain? Do you speak English?

 

Well, that’s it for today’s lesson. 

 

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