Learn Hindi Language Tutorial - Health Issues

Learn Hindi Language Tutorial - Health Issues seekhe~

Learn Hindi Language tutorial -  Health Issues - is based around reading Hindi newspapers and developing the language skills and vocabulary needed for following current affairs in major Hindi language daily newspapers.

Please Note:
These news articles are included here for the purpose of lesson alone. These may not be current, and should not be compared with present situations.





Topic 1. Chikungunia Virus Continues To Spread



पैर पसारता चिकुनगुनिया

अब तक करीब पौने दस लाख लोग चिकुनगुनिया की चपेट मे आ चुके है। देंगु की तरह चिकुनगुनिया मादा एडीज एजिप्ट मच्छर के काटने से होता है। इसके लक्षण देंगु जैसे होते है। इसकी चपेट मे आते ही जोडो मे दर्द, कंपकपी के साथ बुखार और सरदर्द होता है। उपचार नही होने पर मौत भी हो सकती है।

वायरस की चपेट मे आने पर रोगी के शरीर को गीले कपडे से पोछना चाहिये । घर के निकट गंदगी और जल जमाव नही होने दे, सफाई रखे।

Notes.
Tropical regions have their own peculiar diseases. Though aedes aegypti mosquitoes bite during day time only, still chikungunia virus continues to spread due to lack of awareness about it.

Translation.
Till now, about 10 lakh people are affected by Chikungunia. Like dengue, chikungunia too occurs because of bite from female aedes aegypti mosquitoes. It's symptoms are similar to dengue. When affected by it, joint pain, fever with shivering sensation, and headache occurs. Without cure, one may die too.
When affected by this virus, the patient's body should be wiped clean with wet cloth. Do not allow accumulation of stagnant water and garbage near house, and keep it clean.

Glossary.
pair pasarana - to spread
paune - three quarter
das lakh - ten lakh (million)
lakshan - symptoms
upchar - medical treatment
maut - death
geele kapade - wet cloth

Assignments:

Answer the following questions in Hindi
a. How many people are affected?
b. What causes the spread of this virus?
c. What precautions should be taken?

Revise Hindi number system.

Topic 2. Abortion In Mississippi Abolished



मिसीसिपी मे गर्भपात का विरोध्

अमेरिका मे अब तमाम लोग गर्भपात का विरोध कर रहे है। इन दिनो मिसीसिपी राज्य को गर्भपात मुक्त राज्य का दर्जा दिलाने के लिये मुहिम चल रही है ।

हजारों लोगो ने मिसीसिपी की राजधानी जैकसन सिटी मे चल रहे एकमात्र गर्भपात क्लीनिक के सामने बेहद गर्मी के बावजूद गर्भपात बन्द करने का आह्वान किया। ज्ञात हो कि पूरे मिसीसिपी राज्य मे यही एकलौता गर्भपात क्लीनिक बचा है। इसके बन्द हो जाने से मिसीसिपी अमेरिका का प्रथम गर्भपात मुक्त राज्य हो जायेगा।

Notes.
Abortion is detrimental to the health of females besides its social effects. Some groups feel strongly against it.

Translation.
A large majority of people in America are opposing abortion. Currently, there is movement on to get Mississippi state declared as abortion free state.
Despite extreme heat conditions, thousands of people gathered in front to call for closure of the only abortion clinic in Mississippi capital Jackson city. Be informed that this is the only abortion clinic still available in the entire Mississippi state. On it's closure, Mississippi will become the first abortion free state in America.

Glossary.
garbhpaat - abortion
virodh - to oppose
mukt - free
muhim - movement
ekmatr - only

Assignments:

Answer the following questions in Hindi
a. Which American state is likely to become abortion free?
b. How many clinics are still left that carry out abortions in that state?

Topic 3. Dairy Products Useful In Osteoporosis



आस्टियोपोरोसिस मे लाभप्रद डेयरी उत्पाद

आस्टियोपोरोसिस एक ऐसा मर्ज है जिसमे हड्डिया इतनी कमजोर हो जाती है कि जरा सा आघात लगने पर टूट जाती है। इस मर्ज के होने के कई कारण है। यह अनुवांशिक, खान्-पान्, हार्मोन, बढती उम्र व गलत जीवन शैली के चलते भी संभव है।

इसकी रोकथाम मे कैल्शियम और विटामिन युक्त आहार काफी हद तक कारगर है। इस मर्ज से ग्रस्त ब्यक्तियो के लिये डेयरी उत्पादो का सेवन काफी लाभप्रद माना जाता है।

Notes.
We all want to stay healthy and strong. If we can manage it through the food we eat, all the more better. So, let food be your medicine.

Translation.
Osteoporosis is such an ailment in which bones become so weak that they break with even a small blow. There are many reasons for this ailment. It may happen due to hereditary reasons, food habits, hormones, old age, and unhealthy lifestyles.
Meals that include Calcium and vitamin are quite useful in it's prevention. Consumption of dairy products is considered to be very beneficial for people suffering from this ailment.

Glossary.
labhprad - beneficial
utpad - product
aaghat - impact
anuvansik - genetic
jeevan shaili - life style
roktham - prevention
sevan - consumption
kaargar - effective

Assignments:

Answer the following questions in Hindi
a. What are the reasons for osteoporosis?
b. How can one prevent osteoporosis?

Topic 4. A Camera To Prevent Blindness



अंधेपन से बचाव करेगा कैमरा

बी बी सी के एक रिपोर्ट मे बताया गया है कि ब्रिटेन के डाॅ मक्नाट्स ने एक ऐसे कैमरे का आविष्कार किया है जो रेटिना के पीछे स्थित आक्सीजन लेवल को माप सकता है। इससे मरीज अंधेपन संबन्धी रोग के बारे मे पहले से ही सचेत हो सकता है। इस तरह मरीज को अंधा होने से बचाया जा सकता है।

कैमरा ऐसा है कि इससे आंखो की आसानी से जांच की जा सकती है। खैर्, कैमरे पर अभी परिक्षण चल रहा है। इस कैमरे के आने के बाद सबसे अधिक राहत डायबितीज और ग्लुकोमा के मरीजो को मिलेगी, क्योकि अंधेपन का यह सबसे बडा कारण है।

Notes.
Detecting an ailment prior to its occurrence always helps in better treatment. This camera may prove to be one such help.

Translation.
It is told in a report by BBC that British Dr. Macnaughts has invented such a camera that can measure the oxygen level present behind retina. This will enable to get pre-warning about blindness in a patient. In this way, a patient can be saved from getting blind.
This camera is such that eye testing can be done very easily. However, tests on the camera are still on. On arrival of this camera, diabetes and glaucoma patients will get much relief because it is the biggest cause of blindness.

Glossary.
andhapan - blindness
aavishkaar - invention
sachet hona - to be alert
parikshan - trial
rahat - help
karan - reason

Assignments:

Answer the following questions in Hindi
a. How is this camera helpful in detecting symptoms of blindness?
b. Which medical patients are more prone to blindness?

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