Learn Hindi Language Tutorial - Science & Technology

Learn Hindi Language Tutorial - Science & Technology seekhe~

Learn Hindi Language tutorial -  Science & Technology - is based around reading Hindi newspapers and developing the language skills and vocabulary needed for following current affairs in major Hindi language daily newspapers.

Please Note:
These news articles are included here for the purpose of lesson alone. These may not be current, and should not be compared with present situations.





Topic 1. Hydrocarbons Found On Saturn's Satellite 'Titan'



हाइड्रोकार्बन झीले शनि के उपग्रह टाइटन पर

कई विशाल हाइड्रोकार्बन झीलों के शनि ग्रह के उपग्रह टाइटन की सतह पर होने के पुख्ता सबूत मिले है। टाइटन से 950 किलोमीटर के दायरे मे चक्कर लगाते अंतरिक्ष यान केसिनी ने उत्तरी ध्रुव के पास हाइड्रोकार्बन की विशाल झील होने के सबूत वाले चित्र वैज्ञानिको को सुलभ कराये।

अनुसंधान में पाया गया कि 10 किलोमीटर से 100 किलोमीटर चौडी करीब एक दर्जन झीले टाइटन के उत्तरी ध्रुव के पास है। कुछ झीले तो धाराओं के माध्यम से एक दूसरे से जुडी हुइ है। कुछ सूख चुकीं है। लेकिन लगता है कि कभी वहां मिथेन और इथेन का मिश्रण मौजूद था।

Notes.
Our constant efforts to find out the hidden truths in nature keep giving us different insights in Nature's mysteries.

Translation.
Solid proofs have been received on presence of hydrocarbon lakes on the surface of Titan, a satellite of Saturn. Orbiting at a radius of 950 Km from Titan, spacecraft Cassini has made available photographs to scientists that prove presence of hydrocarbon lakes near North pole.
It is discovered that about a dozen 10-100 Km wide hydrocarbon lakes are present near North pole. Some of these lakes are joined together through streams. Some are dried up. But, it seems that there was mixture of Ethane and Methane present there sometime back.

Glossary.
jheel - lake
pukhtaa - solid
saboot - proof
chakkar - to revolve, to orbit
antariksh yaan - space craft
uttari dhruv - north pole
vishal - very big
vaigyanik - scientist
anusandhan - research

Assignments:

Answer these in Hindi
(a) What is the name of space craft?
(b) What type of lakes have been found?
(c) Where are the lakes situated?

Topic 2. China Bans Stem Cell Transplantation



स्टेम सेल के अवैध संग्रहण और प्रत्यारोपण पर चीन में रोक

अवैध अंग प्रत्यारोपण पर प्रतिबन्ध लगाने की दिशा मे कदम बढाते हुये चीन सरकार ने अनाधिकृत स्टेम सेल संग्रहण और प्रत्यारोपण पर रोक लगा दी है। चीन के स्वास्थ्य मंत्रालय द्वारा जारी नियमो मे कहा गया है कि स्टेम सेल का स्रोत वैधानिक होना चाहिये और यह पंजीकृत् होना चाहिये। मंत्रालय ने कहा कि इन नियमो का उद्देश्य स्टेम सेल प्रबन्धन और चिकित्सा सुरक्षा को मजबूत बनाना है।

उल्लेखनीय है कि स्टेम सेल शरीर का मास्टर सेल है जो रक्त और ऊतकों मे भ्रमण करती है। एनेमिया, ल्युकेमिया और अन्य रक्त संबन्धित बीमारियो के इलाज मे स्टेम सेल प्रतिस्थापन काफी प्रभावी साबित हुआ है।

Notes.
The advances in medical sciences have thrown some social challenges too.

Translation.
Taking a forward step in the direction of ban on illegal transplantation of organs, Chinese government has banned unauthorised collection and transplantation of stem cells. It is stated in the rules framed by Chinese health ministry that source of stem cell should be legal, and it should be registered. The ministry said that objectives of these rules are to strengthen stem cell management and medical security.
It is noteworthy that stem cell is a master cell in the body which moves around in blood and tissues. Stem cell transplantation has proved quite effective in cure of anaemia, leukaemia and other blood related ailments.

Glossary.
avaidh - illegal
ang - organ
pratyaropan - transplant
pratibandh - restriction, ban
anadhikrit - unauthorized
sangrahan - collection, storage
srot - source
vaidhaanik - legal
panjikrit - registered
prabandhan - management
ullekhaneey - noteworth
utak - tissue

Assignments:

Answer in Hindi
(a) What restrictions have been placed by Chinese authorities?
(b) What is noteworthy thing about stem cell?
(c) Which diseases are curable through stem cell transplant?

Topic 3. RFID In Currency Notes



नोट बतायेगा असलियत

नकली नोटो ( जिनको जाली नोट भी कहते है) की समस्या से भारत ही नही, दुनिया के सभी देश ग्रस्त है। नकली नोट एक तरफ अपराधियो के लिये फटाफट अमीर बनने का साधन है तो वही इनकी खपत राष्ट्रीय अर्थब्यवस्था को तगडी चपत लगाती है।

जापानी कंपनी 'हितैची' ने एक ऐसी आर फ आइ डी चिप बनाई है जिस्र छपाई के समय नोट के अन्दर डाला जा सकता है। इस चिप मे 128 बित डेटा स्टोर किया जा सकता है। इसमे मुल्य, सीरियल नंबर जैसी जानकारी शामिल होगी।

इस चिप का पहला इस्तेमाल जापान मे आयोजित 2005 वर्ल्ड एक्सपोजीशन के टिकटो की कालाबाजारी को रोकने मे किया गया और सफलता की दर रही 100 प्रतिशत। अब इसे युरोपे और जापान के मुद्राओ मे आवश्यक सुरक्षा उपाय के रूप मे शामिल करने का विचार चल रहा है।

Notes.
Counterfeit currency notes are a problem for monetory authorities as also to general public. Use of RFID seems a viable proposition to overcome this problem.

Translation.
Not India alone but all nations in the world are affected with the problem of counterfeit currency (which are also referred as fake currency). On one hand counterfeit currency is a quick way to get rich for criminals while at the same time it's use gives a serious blow to national financial planning.
Japanese company Hitachi has made such a RFID chip which can be embedded inside the currency note during it's printing. 128 bits of data can be stored in this chip. Information like value, serial number will be included in it.
The first use of this chip was made to prevent black marketing of tickets during World Exposition 2005 in Japan; and success rate was 100%. Now it is being considered to be included in currencies of Europe and Japan as necessary security measure.

Glossary.
asaliyat - realty
samasya - problem
grast - affected
aparadhi - criminal
fatafat - at once, quick
sadhan - medium, way
kalabazari - black marketing
mudra - currency
suraksha upay - security measure

Assignments:

Answer in Hindi
(a) What is the effect of counterfeit currency notes on national economy?
(b) Which new way to safeguard against is being adapted?
(c) Where it was used and what is the success rate?

Have Your Say!

If you ever think a topic is not explained clearly or think we should add a specific lesson, please let us know. Chances are, you will find your suggestion included by the next time you come back

 

Hindi words pages that include Hindi text are best viewed with Internet Explorer (IE). Also see our page on Hindi Fonts in case of problem with Hindi text display.