Hindi Alphabet - Hindi Varnamala

Hindi Alphabet just as the English alphabet, has vowels and consonants. Here you can familiarize yourself with the Hindi alphabet - Hindi Varnamala.

Hindi is normally spoken using a combination of sounds - vowels,consonants, nasalisation and aspiration. These sounds are represented in the Devanagari script by 52 symbols: for 10 vowels, 2 modifiers and 40 consonants. You will also need to recognize characters that represent vowel but are in less use, and four common conjunct consonants.

Once you have learnt the basic characters you will then be easily able to learn the Matra symbols for the vowels and the conjunct characters.



Hindi alphabet have ten vowels and two modifiers which are given below. The symbols shown below the alphabets are known as "matra" symbols. Matra symbols are used when consonants and vowels are to be written together.

Hindi Vowels


Vowels Not In Common Use

Hindi Vowels

Consonants in Hindi Alphabets


Hindi Alphabets

Dot+Consonants (Extensions)

Hindi Consonants

Special Symbols

Special Symbols

The following symbols are pronounced using nasal in conjunction with other consonants.

Hindi Symbols

Hindi Fonts

Writing Hindi Alphabet

Hindi is written in a script called Devanagari.

To practice writing Hindi alphabet, use the English keystrokes noted below the Hindi letter. You'll need your regular English keyboard and a Hindi writing software (can be downloaded free from Web - see Support Resources).